What is Dental Bridge?

Dental bridges are designed to bridge the gap stemming from one or more missing teeth. The content of materials used when making bridge teeth is usually metal-supported porcelain and zirconium-supported porcelain.

Types of Dental Bridges :

Traditional Dental Bridge:

Traditional dental bridges are made by crowns on both sides of the missing tooth.  It is the most common bridge type.

Maryland Dental Bridges:

Maryland bridge, also known as the winged bridge, is a process that is performed without cutting the teeth. A framework of metal or porcelain which is sticked into the back sides of abutment teeth is used, rather than dental crowns as in traditional bridges.  Maryland bridge is less preferred method as it is not durable compared to other bridges.

Implant Dental Bridges:

The implant bridge tooth is used instead of the adjacent tooth that will serve as a support in cases where the adjacent tooth to support the bridge is not present in the mouth.

Cantilever Bridges:

Cantilever bridges are used when there is only one adjacent tooth next to the missing tooth or teeth. It is the least preferred bridge type.

Dental bridge application procedure

In order to replace the cavities in the mouth with a bridge tooth, dental examination is performed with panoramic x-rays. In the first examination, the patient’s story is listened and the procedure to be performed is explained to the patient in detail. Then, the teeth are cut with a low dose of anesthesia by making the crown fit in order to make a bridge tooth. Later, dental impression is taken with an impression paste and a temporary tooth is inserted in order to prevent the shortened teeth from creating a bad image and sensitivity. In the second appointment given for the placement of the bridge tooth, which will be made in line with the measurements taken, the harmony and color of the bridge tooth with the cut teeth is rehearsed. After the rehearsal, the bridge tooth is attached with the approval of patients.

Advantages of dental bridges

There are many advantages of dental bridges. First of all it is a functional and effective solution for the replacement of missing tooth or teeth which disturb patients. With the bridge application, patients can chew normally since the bridges support mastication of food. Bridges also increase self confidence through providing a more aesthetic look.

Disadvantages of dental bridges :

There are few disadvantages of dental bridges. Firstly the abutment tooth next to missing tooth which hold the pontic might be damaged. Also if the crown is not well fitted plaque or bacteria might be seen underneath the bridge. However with proper oral care before and after the procedure these problems can be prevented.

How long can dental bridges last?

The lifespan of the use of bridge teeth also varies according to the person’s attention to oral hygiene and diet. The bridge tooth, which generally has a usage period of 10-15 years, can be used for 20-25 years depending on the person.