Because of the lack of space in the structure of the tooth jaw, the gum may remain embedded under another tooth or bone. Impacted teeth appear in the process of development of the body. In some patients, it helps in biting and chewing functions, while in some patients it may develop in a way that harms oral and dental health or even general health.
Contrary to popular belief, impacted teeth may not be located only in the upper or lower jaw. There are also cases when it was observed that it appeared in various parts of the body, such as sinuses, skull bones, tumoral cysts. The fact that the tooth remains buried can develop due to genetic reasons, as well as due to lack of space.
WHAT ARE THE SITUATIONS WHEN IMPACTED TEETH NEED TO BE REMOVED ?
Impacted teeth can cause some problems if they are half-embedded. Situations that require removal of impacted teeth :
Caries: If oral hygiene is not observed, saliva, bacteria and food residues accumulate around the half-impacted tooth. This causes the impacted tooth or the tooth next to it to decay. This type of caries, on the other hand, is quite difficult to clean and has a high risk of infection.
Gum Infection: Bacteria accumulate under the gums when the impacted teeth are rubbed in half, causing infection. Infection, on the other hand, can cause discomfort such as bad breath, pain, swelling, and difficulty opening your mouth at a later stage.
Before Orthodontic Treatment: Orthodontic treatment is performed to correct the tooth arch and tooth alignment in young patients. If the impacted teeth are not pulled out, they cause distortions, especially in the front teeth, in order to find a place for themselves when they try to get out. In order for orthodontic treatment to be completed successfully, it is necessary to perform impacted dental treatment first.
Cyst Formation: A cyst can form due to an impacted tooth in the tissues located around the embedded tooth. Cysts, on the other hand, can cause damage to bone tissue, enlargement of the jaw, and damage to nearby teeth. Removing an impacted tooth prevents the risks that can lead to advanced cysts and bone loss that can occur in this area.
Before Prosthetic Dental Treatment: Patients who will have a prosthesis should first undergo embedded dental treatment. If denture treatment is started without interfering with the impacted teeth, irritation of the soft tissues in the gums occurs. In addition, when the impacted tooth tries to come out later, situations such as removing and re-installing the prosthesis may be faced.
WHEN SHOULD IMPACTED TEETH BE REMOVED ?
At a young age, the surgical procedure can be performed more easily because the roots of the mature teeth are not fully developed and the tissue is softer. As the age progresses, the treatment may become difficult because the tooth roots will develop. In the treatment of impacted teeth, patients usually wait until they encounter a situation that will make them uncomfortable. But it is not right to delay this process. Healing is developing faster in impacted dental treatments performed at an early age. Dentists recommend early intervention in the treatment of impacted teeth. At an older age, the risk of complications increases and the healing process slows down.
IMPACTED DENTAL SURGERY PROCEDURE :
The ease or difficulty of impacted dental surgery depends on some conditions, such as the location, position, and root formation of the tooth. The impacted tooth is removed as a whole or by dividing it into roots, depending on its position.
Tooth extraction is performed under local anesthesia, intravenous sedation, or general anesthesia. The doctor decides which method is suitable for the general health of the patient. In impacted dental operations, the anatomy of the region is examined and appropriate and adequate anesthesia is applied so that the patient does not feel any pain during the operation. During the operation, the bone is removed with the state-of-the-art devices used by our polyclinic and tooth extraction is easily performed. After the extraction, stitches are applied to the area.
WHAT SHOULD BE DONE AFTER IMPACTED DENTAL SURGERY ?
Swelling and moderate pain in the face may appear as part of the healing process after the surgical procedure. What the patient should pay attention to after surgery :
.The tampon inserted into the mouth to stop bleeding is removed after 30 minutes,
.Within 2 hours after the procedure, nothing should be eaten or drunk. In the next process, it is necessary to be fed with liquid things such as soup,
.Bleeding in the form of leaks and the taste of blood in the mouth may appear in the first 48 hours,
.Swelling may appear on the face 5 to 7 days after the procedure. It is recommended to apply cold compresses,
.The drugs recommended by the dentist should be used regularly,
.On the 7th day following the procedure, stitches should be removed and checked by a dentist,
.Extraction of embedded teeth is successfully performed by specialized dentists at the Ugurel Oral and Dental Polyclinic.